A variety of US public policy efforts are underway to protect our microbial repositories for future generations of scientists.

The Convention on Biological Diversity mandates that all parties establish ex situ microbial germplasm repositories.
  • Article 9 (b) " Establish and maintain facilities for ex-situ conservation of and research on plants, animals and micro- organisms, preferably in the country of origin of genetic resources"
  • The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity requires that international exchange be done with Prior Informed Consent under Mutually Agreeable Terms
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development considers Biological Resource Centers to be the foundation of the future bio-economy